The Agile framework and Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe®️) operate under the umbrella of Agile values and principles. They are both used to develop high-quality products and services in the shortest possible time, using iterative methods for improvements. It means that while there may be differences in how both these frameworks function, the overarching goals are identical. To decide what works for your enterprise, you have to first understand how they work.
What is Agile?
Agile is an iterative and incremental approach to project management in a dynamic environment. Agile processes are open to changing requirements and constant inputs and feedback from end-users.
1. Individuals and interactions over processes and tools: Interaction between people are critical in project management
2. Working software over comprehensive documentation: Older project management approaches emphasized detailed documentation. The Agile approach realizes that getting to a successful result is more important than writing down the process.
3. Customer collaboration over contract negotiation: The customer’s involvement in the Agile approach is total. It is not limited to just drawing up a contract with terms and conditions.
4. Responding to change over following a plan: Agile approaches need strategies, but they are intended for change and flexibility, not rigidity.
The advantages of working on an Agile framework like Scrum are many. It is an excellent approach, especially for start-ups that have a few teams and work rapidly. Working on Agile frameworks increases job satisfaction because freedom and autonomy are valued.
What is SAFe (Scaled Agile Framework)?
The Scaled Agile Framework, developed in 2011, helps companies to work effectively and rapidly so that their products and services can reach the end-user quickly. SAFe uses Agile management elements, but the processes are improved to surmount the difficulties of large teams working on complex projects.
SAFe management follows a central set of principles to improve efficiency. These include:
- Taking an economic view of planning: This means everyday decision-making must be done within an economic context, considering the project’s budget.
- Assuming variability in projects: A single pronged approach of design and development is not taken. Multiple requirements and design options are considered and then optimized for the best economic value.
- Decentralizing decision-making: Speedy process changes and a responsive feedback mechanism transpire when the people working closest to the process get to make decisions. Other strategic decisions have economic implications that require centralized decision-making. Both types of decision-making work in this framework, creating a fast and focussed value chain.
SAFe helps larger organizations by allocating individual, independent teams to a productive sequence. It applies the Agile practices to the entire company, not just to one department at a time.
Here are some of the differences between Agile and SAFe Agile:
Agile frameworks are built on Agile principles
SAFe is a scaled-up framework of Agile principles
Role of management
Management plays only a supporting role in everyday functions. They are critical during the transition to Agile.
There are management roles. For example, Portfolio managers are responsible for the enterprise’s financial, technical, and business aspects.
Agile teams have no sub-teams or hierarchies. They focus on completing small goals one at a time towards creating the end-product.
SAFe frameworks have ART – Agile Release Trains, which are virtual organizations of Agile teams that plan and work together on the same timeline to achieve the Value Stream goals.
Independent decision making is encouraged.
Decisions can be made either at the team level or at the enterprise level, depending on the scope of the issue.
Planning is done not for the entire project but for shorter durations. The process is not complicated or long
Planning and the development cycle are long processes because of the focus on the ‘big picture.’
Ability to change
Agile methods are planned around flexibility and change. Products can be improved after each iteration.
Making changes in a SAFe process is possible but not as easy to execute because of the large scale.
Role of team members
Agile relies on the commitment and expertise of individual team members to work with dedication. It is not always a practical expectation, and project deadlines may be missed due to some weak links in the team.
Since there are established leadership roles, large-scale projects can be completed with the development teams’ involvement and top management.
Alignment with business goals
Since this approach is more bottom-up, developers and testers focussed on their tasks can lose sight of business objectives.
The top-down alignment and management involvement in making strategic decisions ensure that business objectives are met.
Advantages of Adopting SAFe Agile
The most significant advantage of using Agile SAFe is its ability to take the Agile framework (that is known to create efficient software development processes) and scaling it up by making the necessary changes at the enterprise level. Agile is extended beyond the development team’s scope towards enterprise leaders whose job is to think strategically with this method. It can handle large-scale projects with complicated issues while being able to work more effectively than traditional methods. Because of the large scale of operations, managing team coordination is a huge task; SAFe methods organize the workflow so that multiple teams can work together with fewer impediments.
Problems of SAFe Agile
The advantage of the SAFe approach is management’s involvement for smooth operations and enterprise-level decision making. Some teams find this a difficult way to work and prefer more autonomy. Not being involved in the value stream decisions of the project means that frontline team members have a limited understanding of the project they are working on.
SAFe can limit flexibility and slow down development and innovation because of administrative layers that oversee multiple teams and projects. These layers make SAFe advantageous for larger organizations.
Because the priority is given to large-scale business goals, the SAFe process involves long planning sessions and requires permanent roles within software development life cycles. Such a system is the antithesis of more modern practices where newer products are delivered to the markets, as per customer requirements. It is also challenging to act nimbly on feedback.
Advantages of Agile
In the Agile process, stakeholders- including the customer and business leaders-have several opportunities to get involved in the production of the product. There is active collaboration and increased collaboration between the Developers and the stakeholders because of the emphasis placed on communication and feedback.
As a concept, this is an excellent practice, but it requires mature people to execute it correctly. Else it can be seen as an exercise in putting excess pressure on the Developers.
Since a large project is broken down into smaller units of works, it is possible to produce high-quality products with improvements in each cycle. However, it can also mean increased demands from stakeholders since no end-product has been defined.
As with any methodology, there is no perfect choice about what an organization needs. Whether it is Agile or SAFe Agile, both the frameworks discussed above have several positives. They also have typical issues that cannot be ignored. Professionally trained and experienced practitioners and coaches can guide you on the options that could take care of your organization’s requirements.